I personally have a 5-year-old son with the dual diagnosis of autism and ADHD with hyperactivity. My son has given me the opportunity to learn about both autism spectrums and ADHD, which has been one of the best gifts someone has ever given me. I am completely aware of, and have first-handedly experienced the needs these children require from: sensory issues, becoming easily frustrated (which may be followed by many tantrums), difficulty with pragmatics and understanding social cues and boundaries, and speech and language delays are very typical of children on the autism spectrum and for ADHD children, they are typically wanderers, at times may seem like they are paying attention, but may actually be "checked out", may also become easily flustered. I believe a huge factor with children with ADHD is not to allow them to feel that others view them as "lazy" or "inadequate", their brains do not easily allow them to focus on things that give little interest to them, it is then up to the caregiver to understand this, and assist the child on focusing on the necessary task (the caregiver must also be prepared for protesting and even tantrums while doing so). I have been implementing the strategies I have learned via his occupational, speech, and social skills therapists, and viewing it exercised with my son. I have also attended courses geared towards special needs at my university, along with reading books during my spare time. The key to helping anyone with autism, ADHD, or any other disorder is patience and the ability to understand why the child's action has occurred. We, as their caregivers, need to pay close attention to the event or action that has occurred directly before the child's frustration or smile. Minimizing the frustration factors as much as humanly possible is key to helping all of these wonderful children reach their optimum potential. These children are essentially like any other child in the sense that they love to feel loved, adequate, accepted, and that those closest to him or her are proud of them, it is simply the approach and tactics that are different from neuro-typical children.