Helping Kids Deal with the Loss of a Pet
Losing a pet can impact the entire family, but it can be particularly traumatic for children because it's usually their first encounter with loss and death. As parents, we can feel overwhelmed and helpless knowing that we cannot shield our kids from the painful reality of death. Although we can't stop our kids from having a broken heart, there are things we can do to make their bereavement process as healthy and manageable as possible.
The first step to help kids learn how to cope with the loss of a pet is to be honest with them. As difficult as this may feel it's important to tell them the truth! Stay away from half truths and euphemistic descriptions about death. Instead, sensitively explain to your child that his or her pet has died. A child's understanding about death will vary based on his age.
According to the Association for Pet Loss and Bereavement, kids between the ages of 7 and 9 tend to have the most questions about death. If your child asks you what happens after death, you can explain your understanding about life after death, but it's also okay to admit that you're not entirely sure.
This loss can also trigger a child's fears that you or other people he or she loves will die. Remember to be patient and try to address these fears as they come up. For example, if your child asks you if you're going to die and leave them too, you can say something like, "Most people die when they are very old, and I don't plan to leave this earth for a very long time."
The second step is to honor your child's feelings. Help your child to express his or her grief. You can encourage your children to make drawings or write stories about their pet. It's also very helpful to have them recall happy memories, which allows them to both grieve and remember happier times with their pet.
Kids may need to cry and express their feelings of loss, which is to be expected. They might also struggle with other complex emotions like anger, denial and guilt. Encourage your child to talk with you about his or her feelings. This will allow you to explain that what they are experiencing is normal and a natural part of the grieving process. Ultimately, parents want to help their children move through their feelings of depression and eventually come to a place of acceptance.
One of the ways to encourage your child's healthy acceptance of a pet's death is to find a way to memorialize this passing. Having a burial, memorial or similar type of ceremony helps to reinforce the importance of the pet's life while also marking its death. This can be done in many different ways. Kids should be allowed to participate in whatever way feels right for them. Maybe it's marking the gravesite, making a garden stone with the pet's name on it, planting a tree in remembrance of the pet, or designing a collage of the pet's photos and placing it in a frame.
Managing loss and death is ironically one of the most difficult aspects of life. But if handled correctly, the loss of a family pet can be a valuable opportunity to teach an important, yet tough life lesson about how to deal with loss in an open and healthy way.